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Conjunctivitis in medical parlance or apollo in local parlance is inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin, filmy membrane that covers the white portion of the eyes.

The conjunctiva, which produces mucous to coat and lubricate the surface of the eye, contains fine blood vessels that can be seen on close inspection, as it is very itchy as well.

Apollo is identified as a common eye problem that affects people of all age and has no cure. It has a high risk of exposure to viruses that could cause viral conjunctivitis.

Apollo is a virus that is self-limiting. This means it cannot be cured with local medicine or self-medication, as it is harmful to the eyes.

It is a viral infection enhanced by dryness more common during the dry season and the bacterial infection, which is secondary, is best treated with antibiotics.

It is highly contagious such that if someone in the family has it, it automatically affects the next person.

Causes of irritation of the eye layer

Allergies in the environment which leads to air pollution, smoke, pollen from trees and grass.

When the conjunctiva becomes irritated or inflamed, the blood vessels which supply it enlarge and become more prominent, causing the eye to turn red.

Symptoms also show pinkness or redness in the eye, inflamed inner eyelids, blurred vision, not clear a vision, sandy or scratchy feeling in the eye, pus, mucous or watery discharge from the eye.

Caring for conjunctivitis

It is advisable to imbibe the habit of regular hand washing to avoid contracting a viral and bacterial infection of the eye and to stop borrowing things from the infected person.

It is also very important to maintain proper hygiene by washing our hands thoroughly before and after applying eye drops to infected persons.

You must avoid sharing of towels, cosmetics or eye-drops with others that are affected as this can predispose you to it. “Infected children should be distanced from schools, camps and swimming pools until they are cured,