Aug 1, Queen Anne (1702-1714) of Britain died at age 48. By the 1701 Act of Settlement Prince George Louis (54) of Hanover succeeded her as King George I (d.1727).
Aug 1, Maria Mitchell (d.1889), the first female astronomer in the U.S., was born. She discovered a comet in 1847 and was the first prof. of astronomy at Vassar College. In 1869 she was the first woman elected to the American Philosophical Society.
Aug 1, Anne Frank’s last diary entry; 3 days later she was arrested.
Aug 1, Liz Taylor had her 6th divorce when she re-divorced Richard Burton.
Aug 1, In Iceland Vigdis Finnbogadottir (b.1930) began serving as president and the world’s first female head of state. She was re-elected 3 times and retired in 1996.
Aug 1, Gail Devers won the women’s 100 meters and Linford Christie the men’s 100 meters at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.
Aug 1, In California 2 girls (one 16 and Jacqueline Marris, 17) were rescued in Kern County 12 hours after being kidnapped and raped near Lancaster by Roy Ratliff (37). Police shot Ratliff dead. Police credited the new Amber alert system, named after a Texas girl abducted and killed in 1996.
Aug 1, Alexandra Scott, a young cancer patient who started a lemonade stand to raise money for cancer research, sparking a nationwide fund-raising campaign, died at her home in Wynnewood, Pa., at age 8.
Aug 1, In Detroit a woman (24) was shot killed during a street robbery by a boy (12).
Aug 1, In Oregon a hotel housekeeper discovered an injured 13-year-old girl and the body of her 2-year-old sister at a coastal inn. Police were searching for their mother, Jessica Smith (40) of Goldendale, Washington.